Have you ever wanted to control the time? Accelerate it, stop it or even cut it? After seeing this tutorial you will be able to do it!
Techniques such as time-lapse and hyper-lapse, both based on the stop motion animation, permit to manipulate the flow of time in our videos, representing long events in a short time, doing complex camera movements, and other interesting effects.
This video wants to give you some tips and suggestions for planning and shooting your time-lapses, even if you’re new to the technique or have just little experience.
First of all, start planning your shooting location. Gather as much information as possible about the place where you want to go. It is very important to check both sunset and sunrise time, and their orientation relative to our subject and other possible elements which may come into play.
Next, start to prepare carefully your equipment: don’t worry if your gear is not the best of on the market, to take high quality time-lapses it’s enough to have an affordable DSLR.
Consider every detail: when you shoot time-lapses, you can spend several hours outside, so you have to be well prepared. If it’s very warm you should remember to take a lot of water, a hat or a sunscreen. If it’s very cold you should take a warm coat, gloves etc… You can also get something to read!
An essential element that you always must carry around it’s the tripod. Your camera will remain in the same position for hours, so it’s very important that it doesn’t make any movement or vibration. If your tripod is not heavy enough, you can hang your camera bag on it, or use stones to give it a greater stability.
When you get to the location take a walk around and imagine the shot, take a look at the scene, try to find the best location and composition. Details again can make the difference between a good shot and an epic image.
Let’s start with some basic camera settings. use always manual exposure and RAW files, that will give you a better control over the picture, even during the postproduction. If you use any automatism, the camera will try to correct every change of light and color temperature that happen as time passes.
Another recommendation it’s to use, when it’s possible, the Live View. By using this feature, the mirror will always stay up and not hit when the shutter fires, in order to avoid any possible camera shake or flicker. Also, the Live View allows you to visualize your shot in real time. If you also activate the histogram, you will have the exposure under control.
Knowing the hyperfocal of your lens is always important, since many of your shots are of landscape and is in this case you want the longest depth of field.
Regarding the choice of right lapse for your video, you must adapt the interval to the real movement of the objects on the scene. The interval between shots is what determine the speed of your final video. The quicker the movement of the objects, the longer the interval, and vice versa.
But how long your time-lapse will take? This is an important variable that you have to calculate. In many cases you know it in advance, as in a football game or a sunset. You will set an interval and clip duration that gives you an adequate number of frames. On the contrary, if you are shooting a scene without a beginning or an end, the exposure and interval will determine the length of the shot. Knowing that you need 25 frames to create one second of video, a standard length of 10 seconds of footage will need 250 frames. Therefore, you only have to multiply 250 by your lapse to know how much time you need to invest in doing the time-lapse.
Well, now you’ve read this article you probably want to know more about time and hyper-lapses, to have more detailed explanations, to learn how to do camera movements, or how to use post-production softwares.
The only thing you’ve got to do is to play this video and get everything you need to create a perfect time lapse.